The pharmaceutical industry supplies only limited dosage forms, usually for economic reasons. The solid tablet to be taken orally or the alternate injection form do not always address the needs of children, premature infants or special needs patients. Although patents for the manufacture of a specifically pediatric form of a drug may be obtained, most companies still do not go this extra distance as it is not economically feasible for them. This opens the door to yet another application for compounding.
Compounding often provides children with syrups, elixirs, suspensions, emulsions, gummy bears, popsicles and other methods that make it easier to take medications which would not otherwise be available without compounding.
The compounding pharmacist provides another, often the only other, option for patients, particularly children, who are allergic to a preservative, dye, flavor, or other ingredient in a commercial product.
Many of the lifesaving and life sustaining drugs required by premature infants are made available only through compounding.